22.2. Server Configuration
Important server configuration parameters
The main configuration file for the server can be found at conf/neo4j-server.properties. This file contains several important settings, and although the defaults are sensible administrators might choose to make changes (especially to the port settings).
Set the location on disk of the database directory like this:
On Windows systems, absolute locations including drive letters need to read "c:/data/db".
Specify the HTTP server port supporting data, administrative, and UI access:
Specify the client accept pattern for the webserver (default is
127.0.0.1, localhost only):
#allow any client to connect org.neo4j.server.webserver.address=0.0.0.0
For securing the Neo4j Server, see also Chapter 25, Security
Set the location of the round-robin database directory which gathers metrics on the running server instance:
Set the URI path for the REST data API through which the database is accessed. This should be a relative path.
Setting the management URI for the administration API that the Webadmin tool uses. This should be a relative path.
Force the server to use IPv4 network addresses, in conf/neo4j-wrapper.conf under the section Java Additional Parameters add a new paramter:
Specify the number of threads used by the Neo4j Web server to control the level of concurrent HTTP requests that the server will service.
The default value is 10 times the number of CPUs reported available by the JVM.
The server guards against orphaned transactions by using a timeout. If there are no requests for a given transaction within the timeout period, the server will roll it back. You can configure the timeout period by setting the following property to the number of seconds before timeout. The default timeout is 60 seconds.
Low-level performance tuning parameters can be explicitly set by referring to the following property:
If this property isn’t set, the server will look for a file called neo4j.properties in the same directory as the neo4j-server.properties file.
If this property isn’t set, and there is no neo4j.properties file in the default configuration directory, then the server will log a warning. Subsequently at runtime the database engine will attempt tune itself based on the prevailing conditions.
Neo4j Database performance configuration
The fine-tuning of the low-level Neo4j graph database engine is specified in a separate properties file, conf/neo4j.properties.
The graph database engine has a range of performance tuning options which are enumerated in Section 22.3, “Server Performance Tuning”. Note that other factors than Neo4j tuning should be considered when performance tuning a server, including general server load, memory and file contention, and even garbage collection penalties on the JVM, though such considerations are beyond the scope of this configuration document.
Server logging configuration
Application events within Neo4j server are processed with
configured in the file conf/logging.properties.
By default it is setup to print
INFO level messages both on screen and in a rolling file in data/log.
Most deployments will choose to use their own configuration here to meet local standards.
During development, much useful information can be found in the logs so some form of logging to disk is well worth keeping.
On the other hand, if you want to completely silence the console output, set:
By default log files are rotated at approximately 10Mb and named consecutively neo4j.<id>.<rotation sequence #>.log To change the naming scheme, rotation frequency and backlog size modify
java.util.logging.FileHandler.pattern java.util.logging.FileHandler.limit java.util.logging.FileHandler.count
respectively to your needs. Details are available at the Javadoc for
Apart from log statements originating from the Neo4j server, other libraries report their messages through various frameworks.
HTTP logging configuration
As well as logging events happening within the Neo4j server, it is possible to log the HTTP requests and responses that the server consumes and produces. Configuring HTTP logging requires operators to enable and configure the logger and where it will log; and then to optionally configure the log format.
By default the HTTP logger uses
To enable HTTP logging, edit the conf/neo4j-server.properties file to resemble the following:
org.neo4j.server.http.log.enabled=true tells the server that HTTP logging is enabled. HTTP logging can be totally
disabled by setting this property to false.
org.neo4j.server.http.log.config=conf/neo4j-http-logging.xml specifies the logging format and rollover policy file
that governs how HTTP log output is presented and archived. The defaults provided with Neo4j server uses an hourly log
Common Log Format.
If logging is set up to use log files then the server will check that the log file directory exists and is writable. If this check fails, then the server will not startup and wil report the failure another available channel like standard out.
Neo4j server now has experimental support for logging full request and response bodies. It is enabled by setting the following property in neo4j-server.properties:
The following logging pattern must also be specified in neo4j-http-logging.xml:
This functionality fully duplicates HTTP requests and responses, logging them out to disk. As such it is strongly advised to not run this in a production setting because of the potential to constrain performance. However it can prove useful in testing and pre-production environments.
Using X-Forwarded-Proto and X-Forwarded-Host to parameterize the base URI for REST responses
There are occasions, for example when you want to host Neo4j server behind a proxy (e.g. one that handles HTTPS traffic), and still have Neo4j respect the base URI of that externally visible proxy.
Ordinarily Neo4j uses the
HOST header of the HTTP request to construct URIs in its responses. Where a proxy is involved
however, this is often undesirable. Instead Neo4j, uses the
X-Forwarded-Proto headers provided by proxies to parameterize the URIs in the responses from
the database’s REST API. From the outside it looks as if the proxy generated that payload. If an
header value contains more than one address (
X-Forwarded-Host allows comma-and-space separated lists of addresses),
Neo4j picks the first, which represents the client request.
In order to take advantage of this functionality, your proxy server must be configured to transmit these headers to the
Neo4j server. Failure to transmit both
X-Forwarded-Proto headers will result in the original
base URI being used.
Other configuration options
Enabling logging from the garbage collector
To get garbage collection logging output you have to pass the corresponding option to the server JVM executable by setting in conf/neo4j-wrapper.conf the value
This line is already present and needs uncommenting. Note also that logging is not directed to console ; You will find the logging statements in data/log/ne4j-gc.log or whatever directory you set at the option.
Disabling console types in Webadmin
You may, for security reasons, want to disable the the Neo4j Shell in Webadmin. Shells allow arbitrary code execution, and so they could constitute a security risk if you do not trust all users of your Neo4j Server.
In the conf/neo4j-server.properties file:
# To disable all shells: org.neo4j.server.manage.console_engines= # To enable only the Neo4j Shell: org.neo4j.server.manage.console_engines=shell