Neo4j from JavaScript

Goals
If you are a JavaScript developer, this guide provides an overview of options for connecting to Neo4j. While this guide is not comprehensive it will introduce the different Drivers and link to the relevant resources.
Prerequisites
You should be familiar with graph database concepts and the property graph model. You should have installed Neo4j and made yourself familiar with our Cypher Query language.

Intermediate

Neo4j for JavaScript Developers

nodejs

Neo4j can be installed on any system and then accessed via its binary and HTTP APIs.

You can use the official driver for JavaScript (neo4j-driver) or connect via HTTP using the request module or any of our community drivers.

Neo4j Javascript Driver

The Neo4j JavaScript driver is officially supported by Neo4j and connects to the database using the binary protocol. It aims to be minimal, while being idiomatic to JavaScript, allowing you to subscribe to a stream of responses, errors and completion events.

npm install neo4j-driver
const neo4j = require('neo4j-driver')

const driver = neo4j.driver(uri, neo4j.auth.basic(user, password))
const session = driver.session()
const personName = 'Alice'

try {
  const result = await session.run(
    'CREATE (a:Person {name: $name}) RETURN a',
    { name: personName }
  )

  const singleRecord = result.records[0]
  const node = singleRecord.get(0)

  console.log(node.properties.name)
} finally {
  await session.close()
}

// on application exit:
await driver.close()

Driver Configuration

From Neo4j version 4.0 and onwards, the default encryption setting is off by default and Neo4j will no longer generate self-signed certificates. This applies to default installations, installations through Neo4j Desktop and Docker images. You can verify the encryption level of your server by checking the dbms.connector.bolt.enabled key in neo4j.conf.

Table 1. Table Scheme Usage
Certificate Type Neo4j Causal Cluster Neo4j Standalone Server Direct Connection to Cluster Member

Unencrypted

neo4j

neo4j

bolt

Encrypted with Full Certificate

neo4j+s

neo4j+s

bolt+s

Encrypted with Self-Signed Certificate

neo4j+ssc

neo4j+ssc

bolt+ssc

Neo4j Aura

neo4j+s

N/A

N/A

Please review your SSL Framework settings when going into production. If necessary, you can also generate certificates for Neo4j with Letsencrypt

Name

Version

Authors

neo4j-driver

4.1.2

The Neo4j Team

Package

Neo4j Online Community

Docs

API

Source

The Example Project

The Neo4j example project is a small, one page webapp for the movies database built into the Neo4j tutorial. The front-end page is the same for all drivers: movie search, movie details, and a graph visualization of actors and movies. Each backend implementation shows you how to connect to Neo4j from each of the different languages and drivers.

You can learn more about our small, consistent example project across many different language drivers here. You will find the implementations for all drivers as individual GitHub repositories, which you can clone and deploy directly.

Neo4j Community Drivers

Members of the each programming language community have invested a lot of time and love to develop each one of the community drivers for Neo4j, so if you use any one of them, please provide feedback to the authors.

The community drivers have been graciously contributed by the Neo4j community. Many of them are fully featured and well-maintained, but some may not be. Neo4j does not take any responsibility for their usability.

js2neo

As a demonstration of a minimal JavaScript based bolt driver, Nigel Small put together js2neo.

Using the HTTP-Endpoint directly

You can use something as simple as the request node-module to send queries to and receive responses from Neo4j. The endpoint protocol and formats are explained in detail in the Neo4j Manual. It enables you do to much more, e.g. sending many statements per request or keeping transactions open across multiple requests.

Here is a very simple example:

Simple Function Accessing the Remote Endpoint
var r=require("request");
var txUrl = "http://localhost:7474/db/data/transaction/commit";
function cypher(query,params,cb) {
  r.post({uri:txUrl,
          json:{statements:[{statement:query,parameters:params}]}},
         function(err,res) { cb(err,res.body)})
}
Running the Function
var query="MATCH (n:User) RETURN n, labels(n) as l LIMIT {limit}"
var params={limit: 10}
var cb=function(err,data) { console.log(JSON.stringify(data)) }

cypher(query,params,cb)

{"results":[
  {"columns":["n","l"],
   "data":[
     {"row":[{"name":"Aran"},["User"]]}
    ]
  }],
 "errors":[]}