Explantion of debug.log message of Commits found after last checkpoint

When running backup for example

bin/neo4j-admin backup --backup-dir=/home/neo4j/backups/01172020/ --name=graph.db

you may observe in the output of said command detail similar to

2020-01-17 12:54:06.767+0000 INFO [o.n.b.i.BackupOutputMonitor] Finish receiving store file /home/neo4j/backups/backups/01172020/graph.db/temp-copy/schema/index/lucene_native-2.0/5/native-1.0/profiles/index-5.708254.cacheprof
2020-01-17 12:54:06.767+0000 INFO [o.n.b.i.BackupOutputMonitor] Start receiving store file /home/neo4j/backups/backups/01172020/graph.db/temp-copy/schema/index/lucene_native-2.0/5/string-1.0/profiles/index-5.708254.cacheprof
2020-01-17 12:54:06.767+0000 INFO [o.n.b.i.BackupOutputMonitor] Finish receiving store file /home/neo4j/backups/backups/01172020/graph.db/temp-copy/schema/index/lucene_native-2.0/5/string-1.0/profiles/index-5.708254.cacheprof
2020-01-17 12:54:06.767+0000 INFO [o.n.b.i.BackupOutputMonitor] Start receiving store file /home/neo4j/backups/backups/01172020/graph.db/temp-copy/neostore
2020-01-17 12:54:06.767+0000 INFO [o.n.b.i.BackupOutputMonitor] Finish receiving store file /home/neo4j/backups/backups/01172020/graph.db/temp-copy/neostore
2020-01-17 12:54:06.769+0000 INFO [o.n.b.i.BackupOutputMonitor] Finish receiving store files, took 9s 552ms
2020-01-17 12:54:06.869+0000 INFO [o.n.b.i.BackupOutputMonitor] Start recovering store
2020-01-17 12:59:34.411+0000 INFO [o.n.b.i.BackupOutputMonitor] Finish recovering store, took 5m 27s 542ms
2020-01-17 12:59:37.370+0000 INFO [o.n.b.i.BackupOutputMonitor] Finished, took 5m 40s 157m

and see that there is a long pause (i.e. 5+ minutes) from Start Recovering store and Finished recovering store.

It should be noted that at the same time the screen output was being produced we were also logging to the path of the backup destination a debug.log.<epochtime>, in this case /home/neo4j/backups/01172020/, one will see a message similar to

2020-01-17 12:54:06.869+0000 INFO [o.n.k.NeoStoreDataSource] Commits found after last check point (which is at LogPosition{logVersion=26059, byteOffset=219081898}). First txId after last checkpoint: 643034051
2020-01-17 12:54:06.929+0000 INFO [o.n.k.NeoStoreDataSource] Recovery required from position LogPosition{logVersion=26059, byteOffset=219081898}
2020-01-17 12:54:34.411+0000 INFO [o.n.k.r.Recovery]   10% completed
2020-01-17 12:54:35.232+0000 INFO [o.n.k.r.Recovery]   20% completed
2020-01-17 12:54:35.338+0000 INFO [o.n.k.r.Recovery]   30% completed
2020-01-17 12:56:02.151+0000 INFO [o.n.k.r.Recovery]   40% completed
2020-01-17 12:56:21.642+0000 INFO [o.n.k.r.Recovery]   50% completed
2020-01-17 12:56:49.419+0000 INFO [o.n.k.r.Recovery]   60% completed
2020-01-17 12:58:06.401+0000 INFO [o.n.k.r.Recovery]   70% completed
2020-01-17 12:58:14.209+0000 INFO [o.n.k.r.Recovery]   80% completed
2020-01-17 12:58:48.040+0000 INFO [o.n.k.r.Recovery]   90% completed
2020-01-17 12:59:34.411+0000 INFO [o.n.k.r.Recovery]   100% completed
2020-01-17 12:59:34.411+0000 INFO [o.n.k.NeoStoreDataSource] Recovery completed. 215589 transactions, first:643034051, last:643249639 recovered

the reason for these meassages and delay is as a result of the way in which backup is run and performs checkpoints. When backup is run the first thing it does is performs a database checkpoint which flushes all pagecache data to the store files (i.e. graph.db/neostore.*.db) files. Backup will then copy the files from the runnning data/databases/graph.db to the backup destination. Once all files are copied it then will look back to see if any transactions had been added since the initial copy of files to the backup destination and if there are transactions it will perform a ‘Recovery’ as described above. For example if backup was started at 09:00 and from 09:00 to 09:04 it copied all the data/database/graph.db files to the backup destination and during these 4 minutes 10k new transactions were committed to the database then backup will perform a ‘Recovery’ so as to capture these additional 10k transactions so that they too are also written to the backup destination. ”’

  • Last Modified: 2020-09-23 21:26:58 UTC by Dana Canzano.
  • Relevant for Neo4j Versions: 3.5.
  • Relevant keywords backup, transaction.