A question was posted on Neo’s community mail list inquiring if there are any “scientific papers proving the power of a graph based DB paradigm (could be specifically Neo4j) against relational DBs.” Here are some great examples: The Graph Traversal Pattern A Comparison of a Graph Database and a Relational Database Peter Neubauer, VP of Community at Neo Technology, will be presenting a paper at this year European Data Forum. More information: European Data Forum 2012 Also, Dr. Marko Rodriguez has a bunch of papers on graphs here (with citations to related work): https://markorodriguez.com/writings Additional work from Marko can be found at the following links. https://markorodriguez.com https://thinkaurelius.com/blog