Oftentimes you want to export a full (or partial) database to a file and import it again without copying the actual database files. If you want to do the latter, use neo4j-admin dump/load.

Here are two ways on how to create a Cypher script file from your database or Cypher statement. This can also be used to downgrade (smaller) databases.

Format

Some notes on the format written from these tools:

  • recreate indexes and constraints
  • simple statements per node (CREATE) / relationship (2x MATCH + CREATE)
  • optionally you can configure the export to use MERGE instead of CREATE
  • data creation in batches (by default 40k) optionally surrounded with :begin, :commit
  • uses existing constraints for node-lookup
  • if no constraint on that label exist, use an artificial constraint + property (UNIQUE IMPORT LABEL.UNIQUE IMPORT ID) where the property value is the node-id, on node creation
  • clean up artificial label + property + constraint at the end in batches

APOC

You can install the APOC procedure library.

And then use the apoc.export.cypher.* procedures to create the export.cypher file from your graph or data. There is more in the documentation but below are some examples.

Those procedures have config options to generate formats for different outputs and also to split nodes, relationships and schema scripts into different files.

Please note that you have to enable the capability to write and read files first in neo4j.conf.
apoc.export.file.enabled=true
apoc.import.file.enabled=true
// exports the whole database incl. indexes as cypher statements to the provided file
CALL apoc.export.cypher.all('/tmp/export.cypher',{format:'cypher-shell'})

// exports given nodes and relationships incl. indexes as cypher statements to the provided file
MATCH path = (p1:Person)-[r:KNOWS]->(p2:Person)
WITH collect(p1)+collect(p2) as export_nodes, collect(r) as export_rels
CALL apoc.export.cypher.data(export_nodes,export_rels,'/tmp/export.cypher',{format:'cypher-shell'})
YIELD file, source, format, nodes, relationships, properties, time
RETURN nodes, relationships, time;

// exports given graph object incl. indexes as cypher statements to the provided file
...
CALL apoc.graph.fromPaths([paths],'export_graph',{}) YIELD graph
CALL apoc.export.cypher.graph(graph,'/tmp/export.cypher',{format:'cypher-shell'}) YIELD time
RETURN time;

// exports nodes and relationships from the cypher statement incl. indexes as cypher statements to the provided file
CALL apoc.export.cypher.query(
'MATCH (p1:Person)-[r:KNOWS]->(p2:Person) RETURN *',
'/tmp/export.cypher',{format:'cypher-shell'});

Import with cypher-shell

If you export the file with the cypher-shell format, it contains the right syntax to use for transactions in the shell.

Then you can import them with cypher-shell too.

cat /tmp/export.cypher | ./bin/cypher-shell -u neo4j -p password

Example for export file

// create nodes
:begin
CREATE (:`UNIQUE IMPORT LABEL` {`UNIQUE IMPORT ID`:0});
CREATE (:`User` {`age`:43, `name`:"User1"});
:commit

// add schema
:begin
CREATE INDEX ON :`User`(`age`);
CREATE CONSTRAINT ON (node:`User`) ASSERT node.`name` IS UNIQUE;
CREATE CONSTRAINT ON (node:`UNIQUE IMPORT LABEL`) ASSERT node.`UNIQUE IMPORT ID` IS UNIQUE;
:commit

// wait for index completion
call db.awaitIndexes();

// create relationships
:begin
MATCH (n1:`UNIQUE IMPORT LABEL`{`UNIQUE IMPORT ID`:0}), (n2:`User`{`name`:"User1"}) CREATE (n1)-[:`KNOWS` {`since`:2011}]->(n2);
:commit

// clean up temporary import keys (batched)
:begin
MATCH (n:`UNIQUE IMPORT LABEL`)  WITH n LIMIT 1000 REMOVE n:`UNIQUE IMPORT LABEL` REMOVE n.`UNIQUE IMPORT ID`;
:commit
:begin
DROP CONSTRAINT ON (node:`UNIQUE IMPORT LABEL`) ASSERT node.`UNIQUE IMPORT ID` IS UNIQUE;
:commit

Details


Author:
Michael Hunger
Applicable versions:
3.0, 3.1, 2.3
Keywords:
cypherexportimportneo4j-2.3neo4j-3.0neo4j-3.1