apoc.export.cypher.all

Procedure APOC Core

apoc.export.cypher.all(file,config) - exports whole database incl. indexes as cypher statements to the provided file

Signature

apoc.export.cypher.all(file =  :: STRING?, config = {} :: MAP?) :: (file :: STRING?, batches :: INTEGER?, source :: STRING?, format :: STRING?, nodes :: INTEGER?, relationships :: INTEGER?, properties :: INTEGER?, time :: INTEGER?, rows :: INTEGER?, batchSize :: INTEGER?, cypherStatements :: STRING?, nodeStatements :: STRING?, relationshipStatements :: STRING?, schemaStatements :: STRING?, cleanupStatements :: STRING?)

Input parameters

Name Type Default

file

STRING?

config

MAP?

{}

Config parameters

The procedure support the following config parameters:

Table 1. Config parameters
name type default description

writeNodeProperties

boolean

false

if true export properties too.

stream

boolean

false

stream the json directly to the client into the data field

format

String

cypher-shell

Export format. The following values are supported:

  • cypher-shell - for import with Cypher Shell

  • neo4j-shell - for import with Neo4j Shell and partly the apoc.cypher.runFile procedure

  • plain - exports plain Cypher without begin, commit, or await commands. For import with Neo4j Browser

cypherFormat

String

create

Cypher update operation type. The following values are supported:

  • create - only uses the CREATE clause

  • updateAll - uses MERGE instead of CREATE

  • addStructure - uses MATCH for nodes and MERGE for relationships

  • updateStructure - uses MERGE and MATCH for nodes and relationships

separateFiles

boolean

false

Export to separate files? This is useful for later use with the apoc.cypher.runFiles and apoc.cypher.runSchemaFiles procedures.

useOptimizations

Map

{type: "UNWIND_BATCH", unwindBatchSize: 20}

Optimizations to use for Cypher statement generation. type supports the following values:

  • NONE - exports the file with CREATE statement

  • UNWIND_BATCH - exports the file by batching the entities with the UNWIND method as explained in Michael Hunger’s article on fast batched writes.

  • UNWIND_BATCH_PARAMS - similar to UNWIND_BATCH, but also uses parameters where appropriate

awaitForIndexes

Long

300

Timeout to use for db.awaitIndexes when using format: "cypher-shell"

Output parameters

Name Type

file

STRING?

batches

INTEGER?

source

STRING?

format

STRING?

nodes

INTEGER?

relationships

INTEGER?

properties

INTEGER?

time

INTEGER?

rows

INTEGER?

batchSize

INTEGER?

cypherStatements

STRING?

nodeStatements

STRING?

relationshipStatements

STRING?

schemaStatements

STRING?

cleanupStatements

STRING?

Exporting to a file

By default exporting to the file system is disabled. We can enable it by setting the following property in apoc.conf:

apoc.conf
apoc.export.file.enabled=true

If we try to use any of the export procedures without having first set this property, we’ll get the following error message:

Failed to invoke procedure: Caused by: java.lang.RuntimeException: Export to files not enabled, please set apoc.export.file.enabled=true in your neo4j.conf

Export files are written to the import directory, which is defined by the dbms.directories.import property. This means that any file path that we provide is relative to this directory. If we try to write to an absolute path, such as /tmp/filename, we’ll get an error message similar to the following one:

Failed to invoke procedure: Caused by: java.io.FileNotFoundException: /path/to/neo4j/import/tmp/fileName (No such file or directory)

We can enable writing to anywhere on the file system by setting the following property in apoc.conf:

apoc.conf
apoc.import.file.use_neo4j_config=false

Neo4j will now be able to write anywhere on the file system, so be sure that this is your intention before setting this property.

Exporting a stream

If we don’t want to export to a file, we can stream results back in the data column instead by passing a file name of null and providing the stream:true config.

Usage Examples

The examples in this section are based on the following sample graph:

CREATE (TheMatrix:Movie {title:'The Matrix', released:1999, tagline:'Welcome to the Real World'})
CREATE (Keanu:Person {name:'Keanu Reeves', born:1964})
CREATE (Carrie:Person {name:'Carrie-Anne Moss', born:1967})
CREATE (Laurence:Person {name:'Laurence Fishburne', born:1961})
CREATE (Hugo:Person {name:'Hugo Weaving', born:1960})
CREATE (LillyW:Person {name:'Lilly Wachowski', born:1967})
CREATE (LanaW:Person {name:'Lana Wachowski', born:1965})
CREATE (JoelS:Person {name:'Joel Silver', born:1952})
CREATE
(Keanu)-[:ACTED_IN {roles:['Neo']}]->(TheMatrix),
(Carrie)-[:ACTED_IN {roles:['Trinity']}]->(TheMatrix),
(Laurence)-[:ACTED_IN {roles:['Morpheus']}]->(TheMatrix),
(Hugo)-[:ACTED_IN {roles:['Agent Smith']}]->(TheMatrix),
(LillyW)-[:DIRECTED]->(TheMatrix),
(LanaW)-[:DIRECTED]->(TheMatrix),
(JoelS)-[:PRODUCED]->(TheMatrix);

The Neo4j Browser visualization below shows the imported graph:

play movies
Figure 1. Movies Graph Visualization

Export to Cypher Shell format

By default, the Cypher statements generated by the export to Cypher procedures are in the Cypher Shell format.

The following query exports the whole database to all.cypher in the default cypher-shell format using the default UNWIND_BATCH optimization

// default config populated for illustration
CALL apoc.export.cypher.all("all.cypher", {
    format: "cypher-shell",
    useOptimizations: {type: "UNWIND_BATCH", unwindBatchSize: 20}
})
YIELD file, batches, source, format, nodes, relationships, properties, time, rows, batchSize
RETURN file, batches, source, format, nodes, relationships, properties, time, rows, batchSize;
Table 2. Results
file batches source format nodes relationships properties time rows batchSize

"all.cypher"

1

"database: nodes(8), rels(7)"

"cypher"

8

7

21

10

15

20000

The contents of all.cypher, with extra lines added for readability, are shown below:

all.cypher
:begin
CREATE CONSTRAINT ON (node:`UNIQUE IMPORT LABEL`) ASSERT (node.`UNIQUE IMPORT ID`) IS UNIQUE;
:commit

:begin
UNWIND [{_id:0, properties:{tagline:"Welcome to the Real World", title:"The Matrix", released:1999}}] AS row
CREATE (n:`UNIQUE IMPORT LABEL`{`UNIQUE IMPORT ID`: row._id}) SET n += row.properties SET n:Movie;

UNWIND [{_id:1, properties:{born:1964, name:"Keanu Reeves"}}, {_id:2, properties:{born:1967, name:"Carrie-Anne Moss"}}, {_id:3, properties:{born:1961, name:"Laurence Fishburne"}}, {_id:4, properties:{born:1960, name:"Hugo Weaving"}}, {_id:5, properties:{born:1967, name:"Lilly Wachowski"}}, {_id:6, properties:{born:1965, name:"Lana Wachowski"}}, {_id:7, properties:{born:1952, name:"Joel Silver"}}] AS row
CREATE (n:`UNIQUE IMPORT LABEL`{`UNIQUE IMPORT ID`: row._id}) SET n += row.properties SET n:Person;
:commit

:begin
UNWIND [{start: {_id:1}, end: {_id:0}, properties:{roles:["Neo"]}}, {start: {_id:2}, end: {_id:0}, properties:{roles:["Trinity"]}}, {start: {_id:3}, end: {_id:0}, properties:{roles:["Morpheus"]}}, {start: {_id:4}, end: {_id:0}, properties:{roles:["Agent Smith"]}}] AS row
MATCH (start:`UNIQUE IMPORT LABEL`{`UNIQUE IMPORT ID`: row.start._id})
MATCH (end:`UNIQUE IMPORT LABEL`{`UNIQUE IMPORT ID`: row.end._id})
CREATE (start)-[r:ACTED_IN]->(end) SET r += row.properties;

UNWIND [{start: {_id:7}, end: {_id:0}, properties:{}}] AS row
MATCH (start:`UNIQUE IMPORT LABEL`{`UNIQUE IMPORT ID`: row.start._id})
MATCH (end:`UNIQUE IMPORT LABEL`{`UNIQUE IMPORT ID`: row.end._id})
CREATE (start)-[r:PRODUCED]->(end) SET r += row.properties;

UNWIND [{start: {_id:5}, end: {_id:0}, properties:{}}, {start: {_id:6}, end: {_id:0}, properties:{}}] AS row
MATCH (start:`UNIQUE IMPORT LABEL`{`UNIQUE IMPORT ID`: row.start._id})
MATCH (end:`UNIQUE IMPORT LABEL`{`UNIQUE IMPORT ID`: row.end._id})
CREATE (start)-[r:DIRECTED]->(end) SET r += row.properties;
:commit

:begin
MATCH (n:`UNIQUE IMPORT LABEL`)  WITH n LIMIT 20000 REMOVE n:`UNIQUE IMPORT LABEL` REMOVE n.`UNIQUE IMPORT ID`;
:commit

:begin
DROP CONSTRAINT ON (node:`UNIQUE IMPORT LABEL`) ASSERT (node.`UNIQUE IMPORT ID`) IS UNIQUE;
:commit

This Cypher script executes 5 transactions, each surrounded by :begin and :commit commands. The transactions do the following:

  1. Create a unique constraint on the UNIQUE IMPORT LABEL label and UNIQUE IMPORT ID property

  2. Import the Person and Movie nodes

  3. Create ACTED_IN, PRODUCED, and DIRECTED relationships between these nodes

  4. Remove the UNIQUE IMPORT LABEL label and UNIQUE IMPORT ID property from the nodes

  5. Drop the unique constraint on the UNIQUE IMPORT LABEL label and UNIQUE IMPORT ID property

This script can be executed using the Cypher Shell command line tool.

For example, we could import the contents of all.cypher into a Neo4j Aura database by running the following command:

cat all.cypher | ./bin/cypher-shell -a <bolt-url> -u neo4j -p <password> --format verbose

Don’t forget to replace <bolt-url> and <password> with the appropriate credentials.

If we run this command against an empty database, we’ll see the following output:

0 rows available after 70 ms, consumed after another 0 ms
Added 1 constraints
0 rows available after 16 ms, consumed after another 0 ms
Added 2 nodes, Set 8 properties, Added 4 labels
0 rows available after 40 ms, consumed after another 0 ms
Added 14 nodes, Set 42 properties, Added 28 labels
0 rows available after 51 ms, consumed after another 0 ms
Created 8 relationships, Set 8 properties
0 rows available after 38 ms, consumed after another 0 ms
Created 2 relationships
0 rows available after 38 ms, consumed after another 0 ms
Created 4 relationships
0 rows available after 20 ms, consumed after another 0 ms
Set 16 properties, Removed 16 labels
0 rows available after 3 ms, consumed after another 0 ms
Removed 1 constraints
Troubleshooting

If you are experimenting with imports that are failing you can add the --debug command line parameter, to see which statement was executed last and caused the failure.

Also check the memory configuration of your Neo4j instance, you might want to increase the HEAP size to 2–4GB using the dbms.memory.heap.max_size=2G setting in neo4j.conf.

We can also provide more memory to cypher-shell itself by prefixing the command with: JAVA_OPTS=-Xmx4G bin/cypher-shell …

If we don’t have file system access, or don’t want to write to a file for another reason, we can stream back the export statements.

The following query streams back the whole database in the cypherStatements column

CALL apoc.export.cypher.all(null, {
    batchSize: 5,
    streamStatements: true,
    format: "cypher-shell",
    useOptimizations: {type: "UNWIND_BATCH", unwindBatchSize: 5}
})
YIELD nodes, relationships, properties, cypherStatements
RETURN nodes, relationships, properties, cypherStatements;
Table 3. Results
nodes relationships properties cypherStatements

16

0

34

":begin CREATE CONSTRAINT ON (node:`UNIQUE IMPORT LABEL`) ASSERT (node.UNIQUE IMPORT ID) IS UNIQUE; :commit :begin UNWIND [{_id:0, properties:{tagline:\"Welcome to the Real World\", title:\"The Matrix\", released:1999}}, {_id:1, properties:{tagline:\"Welcome to the Real World\", title:\"The Matrix\", released:1999}}] AS row CREATE (n:`UNIQUE IMPORT LABEL`{UNIQUE IMPORT ID: row._id}) SET n += row.properties SET n:Movie; UNWIND [{_id:35, properties:{born:1967, name:\"Carrie-Anne Moss\"}}, {_id:36, properties:{born:1961, name:\"Laurence Fishburne\"}}, {_id:37, properties:{born:1965, name:\"Lana Wachowski\"}}] AS row CREATE (n:`UNIQUE IMPORT LABEL`{UNIQUE IMPORT ID: row._id}) SET n += row.properties SET n:Person; :commit :begin UNWIND [{_id:38, properties:{born:1964, name:\"Keanu Reeves\"}}, {_id:39, properties:{born:1952, name:\"Joel Silver\"}}, {_id:40, properties:{born:1960, name:\"Hugo Weaving\"}}, {_id:41, properties:{born:1967, name:\"Lilly Wachowski\"}}, {_id:42, properties:{born:1967, name:\"Carrie-Anne Moss\"}}] AS row CREATE (n:`UNIQUE IMPORT LABEL`{UNIQUE IMPORT ID: row._id}) SET n += row.properties SET n:Person; :commit :begin UNWIND [{_id:43, properties:{born:1965, name:\"Lana Wachowski\"}}, {_id:50, properties:{born:1960, name:\"Hugo Weaving\"}}, {_id:51, properties:{born:1964, name:\"Keanu Reeves\"}}, {_id:57, properties:{born:1967, name:\"Lilly Wachowski\"}}, {_id:58, properties:{born:1961, name:\"Laurence Fishburne\"}}] AS row CREATE (n:`UNIQUE IMPORT LABEL`{UNIQUE IMPORT ID: row._id}) SET n += row.properties SET n:Person; :commit :begin UNWIND [{_id:59, properties:{born:1952, name:\"Joel Silver\"}}] AS row CREATE (n:`UNIQUE IMPORT LABEL`{UNIQUE IMPORT ID: row._id}) SET n += row.properties SET n:Person; :commit "

16

14

42

":begin UNWIND [{start: {_id:35}, end: {_id:0}, properties:{roles:[\"Trinity\"]}}, {start: {_id:36}, end: {_id:0}, properties:{roles:[\"Morpheus\"]}}, {start: {_id:50}, end: {_id:1}, properties:{roles:[\"Agent Smith\"]}}, {start: {_id:40}, end: {_id:0}, properties:{roles:[\"Agent Smith\"]}}, {start: {_id:51}, end: {_id:1}, properties:{roles:[\"Neo\"]}}] AS row MATCH (start:`UNIQUE IMPORT LABEL`{UNIQUE IMPORT ID: row.start._id}) MATCH (end:`UNIQUE IMPORT LABEL`{UNIQUE IMPORT ID: row.end._id}) CREATE (start)-[r:ACTED_IN]→(end) SET r += row.properties; :commit :begin UNWIND [{start: {_id:42}, end: {_id:1}, properties:{roles:[\"Trinity\"]}}, {start: {_id:38}, end: {_id:0}, properties:{roles:[\"Neo\"]}}, {start: {_id:58}, end: {_id:1}, properties:{roles:[\"Morpheus\"]}}] AS row MATCH (start:`UNIQUE IMPORT LABEL`{UNIQUE IMPORT ID: row.start._id}) MATCH (end:`UNIQUE IMPORT LABEL`{UNIQUE IMPORT ID: row.end._id}) CREATE (start)-[r:ACTED_IN]→(end) SET r += row.properties; UNWIND [{start: {_id:59}, end: {_id:1}, properties:{}}, {start: {_id:39}, end: {_id:0}, properties:{}}] AS row MATCH (start:`UNIQUE IMPORT LABEL`{UNIQUE IMPORT ID: row.start._id}) MATCH (end:`UNIQUE IMPORT LABEL`{UNIQUE IMPORT ID: row.end._id}) CREATE (start)-[r:PRODUCED]→(end) SET r += row.properties; :commit :begin UNWIND [{start: {_id:37}, end: {_id:0}, properties:{}}, {start: {_id:57}, end: {_id:0}, properties:{}}, {start: {_id:43}, end: {_id:1}, properties:{}}, {start: {_id:41}, end: {_id:1}, properties:{}}] AS row MATCH (start:`UNIQUE IMPORT LABEL`{UNIQUE IMPORT ID: row.start._id}) MATCH (end:`UNIQUE IMPORT LABEL`{UNIQUE IMPORT ID: row.end._id}) CREATE (start)-[r:DIRECTED]→(end) SET r += row.properties; :commit "

16

14

42

":begin MATCH (n:`UNIQUE IMPORT LABEL`) WITH n LIMIT 5 REMOVE n:`UNIQUE IMPORT LABEL` REMOVE n.UNIQUE IMPORT ID; :commit :begin MATCH (n:`UNIQUE IMPORT LABEL`) WITH n LIMIT 5 REMOVE n:`UNIQUE IMPORT LABEL` REMOVE n.UNIQUE IMPORT ID; :commit :begin MATCH (n:`UNIQUE IMPORT LABEL`) WITH n LIMIT 5 REMOVE n:`UNIQUE IMPORT LABEL` REMOVE n.UNIQUE IMPORT ID; :commit :begin MATCH (n:`UNIQUE IMPORT LABEL`) WITH n LIMIT 5 REMOVE n:`UNIQUE IMPORT LABEL` REMOVE n.UNIQUE IMPORT ID; :commit :begin DROP CONSTRAINT ON (node:`UNIQUE IMPORT LABEL`) ASSERT (node.UNIQUE IMPORT ID) IS UNIQUE; :commit "

We can then copy/paste the content of the cypherStatements column (excluding the double quotes) into a Cypher Shell session, or into a local file that we stream into a Cypher Shell session.

Export to Neo4j Browser friendly format

The export to Cypher procedures support the config format: "plain", which is useful for later import using the Neo4j Browser.

The following query exports the whole database to all-plain.cypher

CALL apoc.export.cypher.all("all-plain.cypher", {
    format: "plain",
    useOptimizations: {type: "UNWIND_BATCH", unwindBatchSize: 20}
})
YIELD file, batches, source, format, nodes, relationships, properties, time, rows, batchSize
RETURN file, batches, source, format, nodes, relationships, properties, time, rows, batchSize;
Table 4. Results
file batches source format nodes relationships properties time rows batchSize

"all-plain.cypher"

1

"database: nodes(8), rels(7)"

"cypher"

8

7

21

9

15

20000

The contents of all-plain.cypher, with extra lines added for readability, are shown below:

all-plain.cypher
CREATE CONSTRAINT ON (node:`UNIQUE IMPORT LABEL`) ASSERT (node.`UNIQUE IMPORT ID`) IS UNIQUE;

UNWIND [{_id:0, properties:{tagline:"Welcome to the Real World", title:"The Matrix", released:1999}}] AS row
CREATE (n:`UNIQUE IMPORT LABEL`{`UNIQUE IMPORT ID`: row._id}) SET n += row.properties SET n:Movie;

UNWIND [{_id:1, properties:{born:1964, name:"Keanu Reeves"}}, {_id:2, properties:{born:1967, name:"Carrie-Anne Moss"}}, {_id:3, properties:{born:1961, name:"Laurence Fishburne"}}, {_id:4, properties:{born:1960, name:"Hugo Weaving"}}, {_id:5, properties:{born:1967, name:"Lilly Wachowski"}}, {_id:6, properties:{born:1965, name:"Lana Wachowski"}}, {_id:7, properties:{born:1952, name:"Joel Silver"}}] AS row
CREATE (n:`UNIQUE IMPORT LABEL`{`UNIQUE IMPORT ID`: row._id}) SET n += row.properties SET n:Person;

UNWIND [{start: {_id:1}, end: {_id:0}, properties:{roles:["Neo"]}}, {start: {_id:2}, end: {_id:0}, properties:{roles:["Trinity"]}}, {start: {_id:3}, end: {_id:0}, properties:{roles:["Morpheus"]}}, {start: {_id:4}, end: {_id:0}, properties:{roles:["Agent Smith"]}}] AS row
MATCH (start:`UNIQUE IMPORT LABEL`{`UNIQUE IMPORT ID`: row.start._id})
MATCH (end:`UNIQUE IMPORT LABEL`{`UNIQUE IMPORT ID`: row.end._id})
CREATE (start)-[r:ACTED_IN]->(end) SET r += row.properties;

UNWIND [{start: {_id:7}, end: {_id:0}, properties:{}}] AS row
MATCH (start:`UNIQUE IMPORT LABEL`{`UNIQUE IMPORT ID`: row.start._id})
MATCH (end:`UNIQUE IMPORT LABEL`{`UNIQUE IMPORT ID`: row.end._id})
CREATE (start)-[r:PRODUCED]->(end) SET r += row.properties;

UNWIND [{start: {_id:5}, end: {_id:0}, properties:{}}, {start: {_id:6}, end: {_id:0}, properties:{}}] AS row
MATCH (start:`UNIQUE IMPORT LABEL`{`UNIQUE IMPORT ID`: row.start._id})
MATCH (end:`UNIQUE IMPORT LABEL`{`UNIQUE IMPORT ID`: row.end._id})
CREATE (start)-[r:DIRECTED]->(end) SET r += row.properties;

MATCH (n:`UNIQUE IMPORT LABEL`)  WITH n LIMIT 20000 REMOVE n:`UNIQUE IMPORT LABEL` REMOVE n.`UNIQUE IMPORT ID`;

DROP CONSTRAINT ON (node:`UNIQUE IMPORT LABEL`) ASSERT (node.`UNIQUE IMPORT ID`) IS UNIQUE;

We can then take the all-plain.cypher file and drag it onto the Neo4j Browser window. We should then see the following prompt:

export cypher plain drag
Figure 2. Neo4j Browser prompt when we drag a file onto it

And if we click Paste in editor, the contents of the file will appear in the query editor:

export cypher plain editor
Figure 3. Neo4j Browser query editor with the contents of all-plain.cypher

We can then press the play button next in the editor and the data will be imported.