Connect to a Neo4j DBMS

Neo4j Browser is the easiest way to access a Neo4j database. To establish a connection, you enter the DBMS URL, the name of the database you want to connect, and the user credentials. You can also use the :server command to manage the connection to Neo4j. For more information, see Manage connection commands.

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1. Connection URI schemas

By default, Neo4j Browser communicates with a Neo4j DBMS via the Bolt Protocol using the Neo4j JavaScript Driver to execute Cypher queries. However, it is possible to turn off Bolt and use HTTP(S) instead, as in older versions of Neo4j Browser.

Neo4j Browser supports the following connection URI schemas:

  • neo4j://(unencrypted) and neo4j+s:// (encrypted with TLS) — work on either a single instance or a cluster. Routing is handled by the driver. If used on a cluster, it routes to a cluster member, not necessarily the system at the IP that you specified. Queries executed over that protocol route according to the transaction functions --write transactions go to the leader and read transactions route between followers and read replicas.

  • bolt://(unencrypted) and bolt+s:// (encrypted with TLS) — connect only to the server with the IP you specify. It does not route anywhere else. All queries over this protocol go only to this machine, whether they are read or write queries. Write queries error out if not being sent to the Cluster leader.

If used on a single server (not a cluster), then queries over them will behave identically. A difference in the behavior in neo4j:// and bolt:// is seen only if addressing a cluster member.

For more information on the different connection scenarios, see Connection scenarios. For more information on how to configure connectors (Bolt, HTTP, and HTTPS) for Neo4j and the default ports, see Operations Manual → Configure connectors and Operations Manual → Ports.

2. Manage connection commands

The :server command lets you manage the connection to Neo4j, such as connecting, disconnecting, and viewing metadata for the current connection.

Usage

:server <action>

Actions
  • :server status — Connection status. This is your current connection information.

  • :server change-password — Opens the frame Password change, where you can change your current password.

Auth
  • :server connect — Opens the frame Connect to Neo4j. If connected to the server, the frame shows the current user and the connection URL. Otherwise, enter the name of the database you want to connect, the DBMS URL, and the user credentials.

  • :server disconnect — Opens the frame Disconnected, which shows that the current user is disconnected from the server. Then, it runs the :server connect automatically.

User

:help server user - opens the frame User admin.

3. Connection scenarios

Table 1. Neo4j Browser - Bundled with Neo4j
Cluster configured TLS encryption URI

no

no

bolt:// or neo4j://

no

yes

bolt+s:// or neo4j+s://

yes

no

neo4j://

yes

yes

neo4j+s://

yes (connect to one specific cluster member only)

no

bolt://

yes (connect to one specific cluster member only)

yes

bolt+s://

If you are developing on your local machine with a single instance:

  • Default URL to Neo4j Browser is http://localhost:7474/browser (use your web browser).

  • Default connection URL to Neo4j is bolt://localhost:7687.

Table 2. Neo4j Browser - Neo4j Desktop application
Cluster configured TLS encryption URI

no

no

bolt:// or neo4j://

no

yes

bolt+s:// or neo4j+s://

yes

no

neo4j://

yes

yes

neo4j+s://

yes (connect to one specific cluster member only)

no

bolt://

yes (connect to one specific cluster member only)

yes

bolt+s://

Table 3. Neo4j Browser - Web application
Cluster configured TLS encryption URI

no

yes

bolt+s:// or neo4j+s://

yes

yes

neo4j+s://

yes (connect to one specific cluster member only)

yes

bolt+s://

Neo4j Browser is available as a web application at https://browser.graphapp.io/.

Neo4j Browser - Sandbox

In Neo4j sandbox, you can launch a Neo4j Browser web application by clicking Open with Browser. It automatically connects with a connection URL similar to:

bolt+s://ba99a8c2d1c755f0c0cc2a95d0a627ea.neo4jsandbox.com:7687

Neo4j Browser - Neo4j Aura

In the Neo4j Aura console, Neo4j Browser can be accessed as a web application within the user interface. The Neo4j Browser web application connects to your Neo4j instance without having to enter any connection URL.

The connection URL is similar to:

neo4j+s://358a0e8a.databases.neo4j.io

Each database has a dbid that can be inferred from the Aura Console.

The URL https://<dbid>.databases.neo4j.io/browser/ can also be used to access Neo4j Browser for that specific dbid on Neo4j Aura.