Vector Databases

APOC provides these set of procedures, which leverages the Rest APIs, to interact with Vector Databases:

  • apoc.vectordb.qdrant.* (to interact with Qdrant)

  • apoc.vectordb.chroma.* (to interact with Chroma)

  • apoc.vectordb.weaviate.* (to interact with Weaviate)

  • apoc.vectordb.custom.* (to interact with other vector databases).

  • apoc.vectordb.configure (to store host, credentials and mapping into the system database)

All the procedures, except the apoc.vectordb.configure one, can have, as a final parameter, a configuration map with these optional parameters:

Table 1. config parameters




additional HTTP headers


HTTP method


endpoint key, can be used to override the default endpoint created via the 1st parameter of the procedures, to handle potential endpoint changes.


body HTTP request


To customize JSONPath parsing of the response. The default is null.

Besides the above config, the apoc.vectordb.<type>.get and the apoc.vectordb.<type>.query procedures can have these additional parameters:

Table 2. embeddingConfig parameters




to fetch the associated entities and optionally create them. See examples below.


if true, returns the vector, metadata and text (if present), otherwise returns null values for those columns.

vectorKey, metadataKey, scoreKey, textKey

used with the apoc.vectordb.custom.get procedure. To let the procedure know which key in the restAPI (if present) corresponds to the one that should be populated as respectively the vector/metadata/score/text result. Defaults are "vector", "metadata", "score", "text". See examples below.


a list of fields to be returned, it must be specified for apoc.vectordb.weaviate.query, apoc.vectordb.milvus.get and apoc.vectordb.milvus.query.

The keys present in the metadataKey, defined in the mapping config, will be added in addition to the ones specified in the fields parameter. If the fields parameter is absent, the procedures will return the fields specified in the metadataKey defined in the mapping config.

If both the fields and the metadataKey parameters are absent or empty, the mentioned procedures will return an error.

Ad-hoc procedures

See the following pages for more details on specific vector db procedures

Store Vector db info (i.e. apoc.vectordb.configure)

We can save some info in the System Database to be reused later, that is the host, login credentials, and mapping, to be used in *.get and .*query procedures, except for the apoc.vectordb.custom.get one.

Therefore, to store the vector info, we can execute the CALL apoc.vectordb.configure(vectorName, keyConfig, databaseName, $configMap), where vectorName can be "QDRANT", "CHROMA", "PINECONE", "MILVUS" or "WEAVIATE", that indicates info to be reused respectively by apoc.vectordb.qdrant., apoc.vectordb.chroma. and apoc.vectordb.weaviate.*.

Then keyConfig is the configuration name, databaseName is the database where the config will be set,

and finally the configMap, that can have:

  • host is the host base name

  • credentialsValue is the API key

  • mapping is a map that can be used by the apoc.vectordb.*.getAndUpdate and apoc.vectordb.*.queryAndUpdate procedures


    this procedure is only executable by a user with admin permissions and against the system database

For example:

// -- within the system database or using the Cypher clause `USE SYSTEM ..` as a prefix
CALL apoc.vectordb.configure('QDRANT', 'qdrant-config-test', 'neo4j',
    mapping: { embeddingKey: "vect", nodeLabel: "Test", entityKey: "myId", metadataKey: "foo" },
    host: 'custom-host-name',
    credentials: '<apiKey>'

and then we can execute e.g. the following procedure (within the neo4j database):

CALL apoc.vectordb.qdrant.query('qdrant-config-test', 'test_collection', [0.2, 0.1, 0.9, 0.7], {}, 5)

instead of:

CALL apoc.vectordb.qdrant.query($host, 'test_collection', [0.2, 0.1, 0.9, 0.7], {}, 5,
{ mapping: {
    embeddingKey: "vect",
    nodeLabel: "Test",
    entityKey: "myId",
    metadataKey: "foo"
  headers: {Authorization: 'Bearer <apiKey>'},
  endpoint: 'custom-host-name'