Virtual Nodes/Rels

Virtual Nodes and Relationships don’t exist in the graph, they are only returned to the UI/user for representing a graph projection. They can be visualized or processed otherwise. Please note that they have negative id’s.

Function Overview

Qualified Name Type Release

apoc.create.vNode
CALL apoc.create.vNode(['Label'], {key:value,…​}) YIELD node - returns a virtual node

Procedure

APOC Core

apoc.create.vNode
apoc.create.vNode(['Label'], {key:value,…​}) - function returns a virtual node

Function

APOC Core

apoc.create.vNodes

Procedure

APOC Core

apoc.create.virtual.fromNode
apoc.create.virtual.fromNode(node, [propertyNames]) - function returns a virtual node built from an existing node with only the requested properties

Function

APOC Core

apoc.create.vRelationship
CALL apoc.create.vRelationship(nodeFrom,'KNOWS',{key:value,…​}, nodeTo) YIELD rel - returns a virtual relationship

Procedure

APOC Core

apoc.create.vRelationship
apoc.create.vRelationship(nodeFrom,'KNOWS',{key:value,…​}, nodeTo) YIELD rel - returns a virtual relationship

Function

APOC Core

apoc.create.virtualPath

Procedure

APOC Core

Virtual Nodes/Rels Example

Simple example aggregate Relationships
MATCH (from:Account)-[:SENT]->(p:Payment)-[:RECEIVED]->(to:Account)
RETURN from, to, apoc.create.vRelationship(from,'PAID',{amount:sum(p.amount)},to) as rel;
Example with virtual node lookups, people grouped by their countries
MATCH (p:Person) WITH collect(distinct p.country) as countries
WITH [cName IN countries | apoc.create.vNode(['Country'],{name:cName})] as countryNodes
WITH apoc.coll.groupBy(countryNodes,'name') as countries
MATCH (p1:Person)-[:KNOWS]->(p2:Person)
WITH p1.country as cFrom, p2.country as cTo, count(*) as count, countries
RETURN countries[cFrom] as from, countries[cTo] as to, apoc.create.vRelationship(countries[cFrom],'KNOWS',{count:count},countries[cTo]) as rel;

That’s of course easier with apoc.nodes.group.

From a simple dataset

CREATE(a:Person)-[r:ACTED_IN]->(b:Movie)

We can create a virtual copy, adding as attribute name the labels value

MATCH (a)-[r]->(b)
WITH head(labels(a)) AS l, head(labels(b)) AS l2, type(r) AS rel_type, count(*) as count
CALL apoc.create.vNode([l],{name:l}) yield node as a
CALL apoc.create.vNode([l2],{name:l2}) yield node as b
CALL apoc.create.vRelationship(a,rel_type,{count:count},b) yield rel
RETURN *;
apoc.create.vRelationshipAndvNode
Virtual nodes and virtual relationships have always a negative id
vNodeId

Virtual nodes can also be built from existing nodes, filtering the properties in order to get a subset of them. In this case, the Virtual node keeps the id of the original node.

MATCH (node:Person {name:'neo', age:'42'})
return apoc.create.virtual.fromNode(node, ['name']) as person
Virtual path virtualPath
CALL apoc.create.virtualPath(['British','Person'],{name:'James', age:28},'KNOWS',{since:2009},['Swedish','Person'],{name:'Daniel', age:30})
apoc.create.virtualPath

We can create a virtual pattern from an existing one

CREATE(a:Person {name:'Daniel'})-[r:KNOWS]->(b:Person {name:'John'})

From this dataset we can create a virtual pattern

MATCH (a)-[r]->(b)
WITH head(labels(a)) AS labelA, head(labels(b)) AS labelB, type(r) AS rel_type, a.name AS aName, b.name AS bName
CALL apoc.create.virtualPath([labelA],{name: aName},rel_type,{since:2009},[labelB],{name: bName}) yield from, rel, to
RETURN *;